gratis appearance

Common law classifications of appearranc.
At common law an appearance could be either compulsory or voluntary, the former where it was compelled by process served on the party, the latter where it was entered by his own will or consent, without the service of process, though process may be outstanding.
Also, optional when entered by a person who intervened in the action to protect his own interests, though not joined as a party;
conditional, when coupled with conditions as to its becoming or being taken as a general appearance;
gratis, when made by a party to the action, but before the service of any process or legal notice to appear;
de bene esse, when made provisionally or to remain good only upon a future contingency; or when designed to permit a party to a proceeding to refuse to submit his person to the jurisdiction of the court unless it was finally determined that he had forever waived that right;
subsequent, when made by a defendant after an appearance had already been entered for him by the plaintiff;
corporal, when the person was physically present in court.

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • gratis appearance — An appearance in an action by a defendant without waiting for or requiring service of process …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • appearance — A coming into court as party to a suit, either in person or by attorney, whether as plaintiff or defendant. The formal proceeding by which a defendant submits himself to the jurisdiction of the court. The voluntary submission to a court s… …   Black's law dictionary

  • appearance de bene esse — Common law classifications of appearranc. At common law an appearance could be either compulsory or voluntary, the former where it was compelled by process served on the party, the latter where it was entered by his own will or consent, without… …   Black's law dictionary

  • compulsory appearance — Common law classifications of appearranc. At common law an appearance could be either compulsory or voluntary, the former where it was compelled by process served on the party, the latter where it was entered by his own will or consent, without… …   Black's law dictionary

  • voluntary appearance — Common law classifications of appearranc. At common law an appearance could be either compulsory or voluntary, the former where it was compelled by process served on the party, the latter where it was entered by his own will or consent, without… …   Black's law dictionary

  • optional appearance — Common law classifications of appearranc. At common law an appearance could be either compulsory or voluntary, the former where it was compelled by process served on the party, the latter where it was entered by his own will or consent, without… …   Black's law dictionary

  • conditinoal appearance — Common law classifications of appearranc. At common law an appearance could be either compulsory or voluntary, the former where it was compelled by process served on the party, the latter where it was entered by his own will or consent, without… …   Black's law dictionary

  • subsequent appearance — Common law classifications of appearranc. At common law an appearance could be either compulsory or voluntary, the former where it was compelled by process served on the party, the latter where it was entered by his own will or consent, without… …   Black's law dictionary

  • corporal appearance — Common law classifications of appearranc. At common law an appearance could be either compulsory or voluntary, the former where it was compelled by process served on the party, the latter where it was entered by his own will or consent, without… …   Black's law dictionary

  • appear gratis — To enter an appearance in an action without requiring or awaiting the service of summons or other process …   Ballentine's law dictionary

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